Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi (Ernakulam district) and Kozhikode
318.39 lakhs as per 2001 Census (31.839 Millions)
Density of Population
819 per sq kms
Kerala's Share in the National- Population
3.1 per cent
22.74 lakhs (2.274 millions)
1058 women for 1000 men
90.92 per cent.
Male Literacy Rate
94.20 per cent
Female Literacy Rate
87.86 per cent
Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI)
Kerala has had a commendable record in terms of the Physical Quality of Life Index. Indicators of PQLI like infant mortality (11%), female literacy (87.86%), and life expectancy at birth for males (68.23) and females (73.62), are well above all India levels. The major reason for this achievement is Kerala's focus on the service sector. About 37% of the total annual expenditure of the State is earmarked for health and education. Another reason for this is the existence of a larger network of hospital infrastructure under the Directorate of Health Services with 933 primary health centres and 5094 sub-centres.
Major : Kochi
Minor : Beypore (Kozhikode), Alappuzha, Kollam.